Rapid Assessments of Bonded Labour

(November 2002 - March 2003)

Pakistans has acceded to International Labour Organization (ILO) conventions against forced labour. National legislation has been particularly concerned with the vulnerability of certain workers to bonded labour - or interlocking credit and labour relations between employers and workers. Policy action has been hampered by the non-availability of reliable data on the subject. The federal Ministry of Labour and Overseas Pakistanis with assistance from the ILO convened a national Bonded Labour Research Forum to commission and evaluate exploratory research studies on bonded labour in various sectors of the economy. The Collective was commissioned to carry out studies in five sectors: construction, tanneries, glass-bangle making, domestic service and begging. The studies adopted the "rapid assessment" methodology - based on informal qualitative data - to document and analyze labour arrangements in these sectors. Findings were presented at a national workshop in Islamabad in January 2004.

Publications and Papers

Haris Gazdar and Ayesha Khan, Coercion inside the home. Collective Blog. August 2016.

Keywords: Bonded Labour , Employment , Human Rights

Haris Gazdar and Ayesha Khan, Bonded Labour in Domestic Work and Begging. Excerpt from Haris Gazdar and Ayesha Khan's chapter in 'Bonded Labour in Pakistan' featured in Dawn. August 2016.

The Collective Team, A Rapid Assessment of Bonded Labour in Hazardous Industries in Pakistan: Glass Bangle-making, Tanneries and Construction. Working Paper No. 21, Infocus Programme on Promoting the Declaration. International Labour Organization, Geneva. January 2004.

Keywords: Bonded Labour , Labour

The Collective Team, A Rapid Assessment of Bonded Labour in Domestic Work and Begging in Pakistan. Working Paper No. 22, Infocus Programme on Promoting the Declaration. Interational Labour Organization, Geneva. January 2004.

Keywords: Bonded Labour , Labour