Social Marginalisation and Education in Pakistan

(August 2006 - January 2007)

The study, for the UNICEF and Ministry of Education, aimed to inform policy about the interaction between social marginalisation and education in Pakistan using findings of a qualitative field survey in rural and urban sites in each of the four provinces. Social marginalisation was defined here as the process whereby some people face systematic disadvantages in all spheres of life due to their social position or status. The process of marginalisation is inherent in the very construction of a mainstream. In the context of Pakistan, caste, kinship, traditional occupational hierarchies, tribal relations, religion, ethnicity, race and patriarchy are some of the important dimensions of social marginalisation. The study examined conditions in a number of groups considered a priori to be among the social marginalized. It enquired into the interaction between social marginalisation and the formal education system ? to what extent did formal education challenge social marginalisation, did it in any way reinforce marginalisation, and what might be the ways forward? The project also involved the compilation of a database of non-governmental interventions and organizations working on social marginalisation and education

Publications and Papers

Collective For Social Science Research, Database of Organizations: Education and Marginalized and Socially Excluded Groups in Pakistan. UNICEF, Islamabad. November 2006.

Keywords: Civil Society , Marginality

Emma Hooper and Haris Gazdar, Preliminary Policy Recommendations: Study of Marginalised and Excluded Groups' Access to Education. UNICEF, Islamabad. October 2006.

Keywords: Education , Marginality

Azmat Budhani, Haris Gazdar, Hussain Bux Mallah and Noorulain Masood, Social Marginalisation and Education in Pakistan: Findings of a Qualitative Survey. UNICEF, Islamabad. October 2006.

Keywords: Education , Marginality

Collective For Social Science Research, Study on Educational Interventions for Marginalised and Socially Excluded Groups in Pakistan: Approach to Fieldwork. UNICEF, Islamabad. August 2006.

Keywords: Education , Marginality